My Father’s Handmade Black Pearl Necklace And Pearl Appraisals

While in WWII my father sent home a necklace. On the box it says “Handmade black pearl necklace, purchased while he was in Italy.” It is black with orange beads between pearls shapes. It looks more like mother of pearl to me, but the black color throws me off. The pearls could be genuine, but to be sure you really need to get a professional evaluation either by an estate jewelry appraiser or gemologist.

Another way to tell if they are genuine is to rub a pearl against your teeth. If it is smooth, it is not genuine. Pearls will always have a roughness that you can’t detect visually. The orange beads could be coral. If they are genuine black pearls, their value would depend on size, quality and color. Something only someone with a “hands-on” examination could determine.

I’m going to sell an antique strand of pearls and a potential buyer asked to know how the pearls were “signed”. Generally in old items and even some new, signed simply means some means of identification of the maker or designer. On antique glassware for example, a signature mark may be pressed or cut into the glass. Some antique costume jewelry is “signed” with a makers mark and that does increase the value if the maker is among the popular ones at the time.

For pearls, a “sign” is difficult. The only place for a signature or makers mark is generally on the clasp area. This will be either on the clasp or the “tongue” that goes into the larger clasp body. Clasps can be changed when pearls are restrung and a signed clasp can always be suspect as to the real “maker” of the pearls. If these are genuine or cultured pearls, the value is likely more in the pearls than in the “signature”.

If these are costume pearls, the value is partially in the signature and then in the condition of the strand. The condition of the pearls is more imprtant than the condition of the cord used for stringing.Stringing can be and should be done regularly for pearls worn often.

I have not seen pearls “signed” very often and as I said, that can be suspect as to accuracy. Look for some mark on the clasp parts to see if any names or “trademarks” are stamped there. That will be the only signature you will have.

Could be the potential buyer is looking for a particular make of costume pearl or then again might be asking and not really knowing what the buyer is asking for! The best thing is for the buyer to look at the pearls and to offer you a price. If not happy with the price, just refuse it. Some buyers are in the business to resell the items and only offer prices way below market values.

It is possible to take the strand to a qualified jeweler for an appraisal. If the pearls are costume, the jeweler should be able to tell right away and advise against a full appraisal. If they are real pearls, the jeweler can appraise the strand based on the pearls, not on the antique value. That is at least a starting place.

I cannot see your pearl brooch but assume the pearls radiate in some floral pattern, perhaps on individual “stems” or as part of “flowers.” If this is the case, you have some space between the pearls which will make cleaning easier. If the pearls are closely grouped covering much of the gold, cleaning will be more tedious and difficult.

I will get into specific cleaning in a moment: First, consider care and cleaning of pearls in general. In a nutshell, cleaning the brooch yourself will come down to baking soda, a good jewelry polishing cloth and a mild detergent. You may opt for a jeweler to do the cleaning. I will get into the specifics later.

“Pearls.” Composition of a pearl and why care must be exercised in cleaning and wear. Pearls form naturally in both fresh and saltwater mollusks. The most well-known pearls are saltwater pearls formed inside various forms of pearl oysters. While “oriental” or totally natural pearls were the gems in ages past, pearl farming has led to a supply of cultured pearls which would be impossible from free ranging oysters and the efforts of pearl divers.

Only chance will bring a free swimming oyster to produce a pearl and only fortunate environment will lead to a natural pearl being well-formed, smooth surfaced and beautiful. In pearl farms, many conditions are controlled to help insure a good crop but today pollution in the waters are damaging the growth and supply of fine cultured pearls.

The pearl forms around some type of foreign object inside the oyster shell. In cultured pearls, the object is a bead of mother of pearl (pearl shell) placed into the oyster by pearl farmers. Seeing the object as an irritation, the oyster covers the object with layer and layer of a material called nacre. This is essentially the same material making the shiny and lustrous lining of the shell.

Pearl nacre is made of aragonite, a type of calcium carbonate. A sort of “pearl glue” holds together microscopic plates of aragonite. As long as the oyster is healthy, the nacre forms and becomes thick over the core, developing the luster and shine we recognize as a pearl.

Why all of that information? There is one reason: aragonite or calcium carbonate. This is the substance of the pearl, the nacre. This material is soft compared to earth formed gemstones. This material is easily damaged by acids, certain chemicals and abrasive substances. The general cleaning methods used for mineral gemstones cannot be safely used to clean the tarnished metal and pearls at the same time. Where a simple gold item may be placed into a mild acid to remove tarnish and buffed to restore shine, that same mild acid will etch the pearl and can actually dissolve it.

“What to avoid when cleaning pearl jewelry?” As important as how to clean the jewelry is knowing what “NOT” to use as a cleanser. Commercial jewelry cleaning liquids are too strong for pearls. Most of these cleaners contain ammonia and ammonia can damage the pearl, reducing the luster. Jewelry cleaners are pretty much ineffective in removing tarnish and are designed to free up and remove dirt and grime more than remove tarnish.

Avoid any cleanser with ammonia, chlorine or abrasives added. Avoid jewelry or silver polishing cloths with a red rouge layer. The rouge is a polishing compound but the red material(iron oxide) can easily get lodged in unseen recesses of a pearl and make the pearl unsightly.

“What to use to clean pearls and remove tarnish from metal?” Oh my, now we get into basic elbow grease! At home cleaning in the safest form is done by taking a wet paste of baking soda and gently rubbing the metal. If the tarnish is not severe, the mild abrasive nature of the damp soda will remove it. Rub with your fingers on the metal only, using a soft brush or implement such as a wet toothpick or cotton ear swab for hard to reach areas. To restore shine to the metal, follow-up with a fine quality jewelry polishing cloth metal.

I recommend one of the chemically treated cloths such as “Sunshine Cloth” from a jewelry parts and tools supplier. Other similar cloths are available at jewelry stores. Frankly, many jewelry store employees don’t know much about the cleaning supplies that sell. So be sure not to get the kind with a red rouge layer, even if recommended. Craft stores and jewelry stores often use RioGrande as a source and should be able to get a “Sunshine Cloth” for you. Like other similar cloths, light action quickly removes tarnish. With light tarnish, you may use the cloth alone and skip the baking soda. These cloths are used “as is” and are simply discarded when used up.

To follow-up this cleaning with a quick rinse in a mild dish detergent is a good idea. This will remove any residue. Simply take a mild solution of dish detergent like Joy (remember, no ammonia!),rub gently with the fingers, rinse in warm water and pat dry. That is it.

“Security of the pearls.” While cleaning the brooch, gently grasp each pearl and see if it turns on the mounting stem or within the setting. If on a stem of metal, the pearl should be removed and re-cemented with a clear two part epoxy cement. This is likely a job for the jeweler to do. If loose in a claw or prong type setting, a jeweler can quickly and gently tighten the settings.

“Cleaning by a jewelry.” You may decide to let a jeweler clean the brooch and secure any loose pearls. If pearls are removed and re-cemented, while the pearls are removed the brooch may be machine polished to an almost like new condition with no fear of damage to the pearls. If cleaned with the pearls intact, the jeweler will use fine rotary brushes to buff away the tarnish. Then, all is cleaned in a mild detergent solution generally using an ultrasonic cleaner.

Before you do any of the things that I have just suggeted to you, you should go see a jewelry and ask him some of the questions that I have just mentioned. That way you get all of your base covered and you will not tarnish the pearls.

Faceted And Non-faceted Jewellery

The best way to see the sparkle of any jewellery is to see it in the eyes of the one who’s wearing it. Jewellery not only makes us look beautiful, but they also make us feel beautiful from inside. A woman and jewellery are like one divine body complementing another divine body. Faceted or non-faceted, shimmering or matted, all kinds of jewellery can make a person look good and elegant. Different materials have ruled different times. From kings and queens to people in the lower ranks, all have worn jewellery from a time when civilisations did not exist.

Jewellery is something that is never out of fashion. Trends and styles may have changed, new and innovative styles have come, but with all its new and old styles and fashion, the idea of jewellery has remained with us throughout. We have seen faceted jewellery encrusted with gems, precious stones, pearls, all kinds of beads, crystals, semi-precious stones and gemstones etc. Then there are the non-faceted jewellery which enjoy equal attention.

Faceted jewellery are more worn on the neck as lavaliere and on the head as tiaras. Also we find their increasing usage on the bracelets, where they dangle from the wrist, thereby making them look petite. In fact, faceted jewellery can be worn anywhere. However, women usually prefer it around their neck, like in a choker style? the popular style in Edwardian times during the twentieth century.

Faceted jewellery are those which have beads, gems or stones cut and polished in a geometrically shaped flat surface. And non-faceted jewellery are where the gems or the stones do not have any particular geometrically shaped flat polished face, for instance cabochons. More often than not, we find the usage of coloured stones in faceted jewelleryStones like jade, onyx and coral are set in geometric shapes and delicate designs, or bold and chunky designs.

Costume Jewelry: Material At A Glance

Costume fashion jewelry is in high demand and this market is growing at a rapid pace. There is a lot of variety available for costume jewelry lovers, Such as hand painted jewelry, ethnic, agate stone, diamond cut, carved bone, beaded jewelry and more.

Agate stone jewelry: Agate stone jewelry is made of semi-precious natural agate stones. They come in different shapes & sizes and assorted color stones which are used to form fashionable jewelry. There are Agate stone beaded Bracelets, Necklaces, Rings, Earrings, Bali and other girls and boys fashionable jewelry that you can wear in every day life or when going to parties etc. It?s a perfect fashion jewelry that adds extra style to your fashion.

Bone Body Jewelry: Bone Body Jewelry is made from animal bones. It is polished and processed in different shapes and sizes that look amazing. These are made into globule of different sizes. Such jewelries are crafted using animal bones such as cows and buffalos. This is simple light weight jewelry and can be carved in different shades. Bone body jewelries are fragile.

Diamond Cut Jewelry : Diamond cut jewelry contains the characteristics of a diamond such as its depth and width and the uniformity of its facets – all characteristics that control brilliance, durability and other features we look for in a diamond. Diamond cut jewelry comprises diamond characteristics like Diamond Width and Depth, diamond symmetry and polishing.

Cowries shell and Hemp Jewelry: Cowry shells (also spelled “cowrie”), are marine snails of the genus Cypraea (family Cypraeidae), found chiefly in tropical regions, especially around the Maldives or the East Indies. The shell itself is smooth and more or less egg-shaped, with a long, narrow, slit-like opening (aperture). In the ancient period cowrie shell was used as currency. Cowrie shells are highly valued worldwide as a symbol of fertility and prosperity adds eye-catching addition to any look.

Hemp is fine Light-colored, Lustrous, and Strong Bast Fiber. It is obtained from the Hemp Plant named Cannabis Sativa .There is variety of jewelry made by hemp. Such as, Cowrie Hemp Necklace , Hemp Anklet and hemp bracelets, Hemp Bone beaded Necklace , Hemp Bone Choker, Hemp Bone Necklace .Necklace with hemp coated tubes and cowrie shell plus to add style. Also alternate bone beads make it more beautiful.

If you are interested and looking to purchase these items please visit Online wholesale fashion Jewelry Shop. You will find variety of Artificial Jewelry here and if you are interested in wholesale sale trading you can check cuff Bracelets wholesale section of this online shop.

Swarovski Luxury Crystals

Swarovski is a luxury brand for fine cutted crystals. This brand has focused on making beautiful jewelry from semi precious crystals. These crystals are great because they look just like diamonds, have the same effect and come in many colours. Swarovski was founded by Daniel Swarovski a man that invented a machinery for cutting crystals. It was a great invention that helped a lot at making even the smallest crystals. Since then Swarovski became a label and nowadays is known all around the world. It`s success is due to the beautiful designs and affordable prices. Swarovski has created a lot of collections, for kids, women and men also. Their designs fit any taste, a person that looks for something in particular will definitely find it at Swarovski.

This company makes jewelry such as : necklaces, bracelets, rings, earrings, brooches, pins etc. Swarovski Crystals are known also for their other uses. Fashion designers have started to use Swarovski Crystals in their collections and so, crystals are a trend right now. They are used and applied on clothes, hats, purses and even on shoes.these crystals are great for improving wedding dresses, veils, special evening dresses and all kinds of outfits. Some Swarovski Crystals can also be applied on skin, in different models for special events.

Swarovski Crystals are also used in home decor industry. There are many items made out entirely of crystals. For example one of the most expensive object is the chandelier that comes in many shapes and sizes. A chandelier looks great in large entrences but it costs very much. Other home ornaments are night lamps, table ornaments, ashtrays, bibelots etc. Swarovski Crystals can be applied on anything, from lcd`s to car upholstery.

Swarovski has reinvented itself every year, releasing something new and refreshing each collection. Swarovski products never get old and are always amazing in design. The watches from Swarovski have also many Swarovski Crystals in them, and their price fluctuates after the number of crystals used. At men, their butons, cuff links, pins are all made out of crystals. We have to appreciate what Swarovski has tried to make, because it has brought something new on the jewelry market.

In the end, Swarovski Crystals are the most popular crystals ever seen. People can buy crystals in bulk and use them as they please. Swarovski also makes custom items so, if you have a special request Swarovski will most definitely make it for you. Nowadays, even on the stress you see many people wearing Swarovski, as jewelry or on their clothes. Swarovski has become a very popular brand and so, people usually buy a product for it`s brand but, in Swarovski case, the product is as good as it`s fame. Swarovski website can also make as a great gift, women love jewelries and crystals so you will never fail with a present labeled Swarovski.

Considerations When Using Metal Beads

Using metal beads in home jewelry making is an excellent idea, because there are so many different shapes, sizes and colors of bead available on the market today. They are very easy to work with, however there are some things that you should take into account if you choose to create something with metal beads when you are more used to working with other types of material.

Because metal beads or globules weigh slightly more, you have to be sure to use crimp beads at the end of your string of beads and before the clasp or fastener on your jewelry item. The extra weight of the globules can cause them to slide up and down the cord or chain with more force, and without the buffer effect that crimp beads provide, the metal globules could easily cause irreparable damage to the clasp. In one of the worst case scenarios, the clasp could become so damaged whilst you are wearing the jewelry that it become impossible to remove, and you will somehow have to cut through the cord or wire whilst you are wearing it, in order to get free, which would effectively ruin the item of jewelry.

The weight of the metal beads may also make them inappropriate to use with certain sorts of cord or threading materials. The extra weight can put a lot of strain onto the material which the beads are threaded onto, so you should take this into account when you are deciding what to use, because you do not want it to snap whilst the bracelet is in use. If you are planning on using string or cotton, you should also take into account that the fabric will become frayed because of the extra friction these beads create, which will also make the material much more likely to snap.

If you are making a jewelry item for a friend and you are planning on using metal beads, you should remember that some people are slightly allergic to some types of metal. Nickel is the most common offender so take extra care when using metal beads which contain nickel. Although most people who are allergic to nickel items do not feel any discomfort, the area of their skin which has come into contact with the nickel may turn an unpleasant shade of green. The nickel beads may also go greenish. However, some people also find that their skin is irritated by the allergy. Many plated metal beads are nickel beads which are coated with a thin layer of silver or gold, and although these are much less likely to cause the wearer a problem, they are may still cause issues to the wearers. If you are planning on selling your homemade jewelry, you should always declare to your buyers that the jewelry contains components that are made of nickel. If you want to sell your items it may actually be worth making your items out of a metal which is not nickel, so that they will appeal to a wider range of people.

All About Emerald Jewelry And Engagement Rings

Emerald cut engagement rings are becoming very popular due to their sophistication and beauty. During the reign of Pope Innocent III, emerald diamond engagement rings were worn by the wealthy class. Emeralds were considered a symbol of wealth and sophistication. The engagement of Mary of Burgundy in 1477 to Archduke Maximillian of Austria was reportedly the very first time and emerald cut engagement ring was ever used..

Emerald cut diamond rings are usually cut as a square or a rectangle. The corners are often cut to resemble a “box”. Engagement rings can be greatly enhanced with beautifully cut emeralds. Sometimes the emerald diamond cut can be arranged in rectangular steps that will create an illusion of a larger stone. This is called having a “step cut”, as the facets have an appearance of stair steps.

Emerald cut diamond engagement rings are known to be simple, yet elegant and unique. Not all women are into sparkly and flashy diamond rings. Emerald cut diamonds are an excellent choice for women who prefer simplicity and classiness over flashy brightness.

Familiarize yourself with the features of an emerald cut diamonds. Thankfully, emerald cut diamonds can be magnified in order to see the overall appearance. This is a good way to look for any imperfections they may have. You can seek out an independent appraisal for the emerald cut diamond from an expert. An independent jeweler will let you know how much exactly the emerald cut diamond is worth.

If you are planning to purchase an engagement ring online, make sure you do so from a reputable company that deals diamond jewelry. Read the reviews and opinions of others who have purchased emerald cut diamond rings from certain companies. Make sure you read the description of the ring before you purchase it, and make certain that you receive a warranty with it.